What is the History of Indian Railways? When and How Railway Started in India? Well here we have come up with another study notes for upcoming RRB NPTC exam. Brief history of Indian Railways which you aspirant must remember. As RRB NTPC Graduate exam is around the corner and candidates are searching for History the Indian Railway for better preparation of RRB General Awareness.
As we know Railway is known for asking Railway GK Questions in its RRB/ RRC examinations. With an eye to upcoming Railway Non Technical examination we have provided you just another Study Material for Railway exams.
Important Facts about Indian Railways.
In the year 1832 the first Railway running on steam engine, was launched in England. Thereafter in May 1843 a young Engineer Graham Clark got down from a ship harbored at Mumbai (then Bombay). He was sent to India at the insistence of the Textile Industrialists of Manchester, Lancashire, Liverpool, in England to find out how and in which part of India a railway can be built which would be useful to transport cheap cotton from Indian hinterland first to Bombay Harbor and then from there to England by ship.
History of Indian Railways
1.Thereafter on 1st of August, 1849 the Great Indian Peninsular Railways Company was established in India. On 17th of August 1849, a contract was signed between the Great Indian Peninsular Railways Company and East India Company.
2.As a result of the contract an experiment was made by laying a railway track between Bombay and Thane (56 Kms.).
3.On 16th April, 1853, the first train service was started from Bombay to Thane.
4.On 15th August, 1854, the 2nd train service commenced between Howrah and Hubli.
5.On the 1st July, 1856, the 3rd train service in India and first in South India commenced between Vyasarpadi and Walajah Road and on the same day the section between Vyasarpadi and Royapuram by Madras Railway Company was also opened.
6.By the end of 19th Century 24752 Kms. of rail track was laid for traffic. At this juncture the power, capital, revenue rested with the British. Revenue started flowing through passenger as well as through goods traffic.